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In computer programming, [BASIC|http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BASIC] (an acronym for Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a family of high-level programming languages. The original BASIC was designed in 1964 by John George Kemeny and Thomas Eugene Kurtz at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire, USA to provide computer access to non-science students.
[BASIC|http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BASIC] (an acronym for Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a family of high-level programming languages. The original BASIC was designed in 1964 by John George Kemeny and Thomas Eugene Kurtz at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire, USA to provide computer access to non-science students. Many versions of BASIC, with widely differing features and syntax, emerged during the 1960s and 70s.
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Many versions of BASIC, with widely differing features and syntax, emerged during the 1960s and 70s. However, the introduction of the Altair 8800 led to the formation of Microsoft to made a BASIC for that platform. Gates and Allen were most familiar with BASIC PLUS from the PDP-11, and patterned their Altair BASIC on that version. From that point on, Microsoft BASIC has been the standard.
The introduction of the [Altair 8800|https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altair_8800] in 1975 led Gates and Allen to form Microsoft to make a BASIC interpreter for that platform. They were most familiar with [BASIC-PLUS|https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BASIC-PLUS] from the PDP-11, and patterned their new BASIC on that version. Many now-common features, like the LEFT/RIGHT/MID string handling, come from BASIC-PLUS. From that point on, Microsoft BASIC has been the standard by which all are measured.
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The Atari 8-bit machines were originally games consoles, but switched to be home computers while they were being designed. This led to a need for BASIC on the platform. Atari licensed MS BASIC, but could not get it to fit into an 8kB ROM, which was all that was available at the time. They turned to Shepardson Microsystems, who produced Atari BASIC, which had many differences from the MS BASICs of the era. From that point on, the Atari had its own standard.
The Atari 8-bit machines were originally games consoles, but switched to be home computers while they were being designed. This led to a need for BASIC on the platform. Atari licensed MS BASIC, but could not get it to fit into an 8kB ROM, which was all that was available at the time. They turned to Shepardson Microsystems, who produced [Atari BASIC] to fill this need. Atari BASIC had many differences from the MS BASICs of the era, and the Atari was always unique in this regard.
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Atari BASIC was very slow, much slower than BASIC running on other home computers that were (otherwise) slower than the Atari. This led to a profusion of new BASICs for the platform, with the most popular being [[TURBO-BASIC XL], which largely ruled the market in the later years. Development continues; [Altirra Basic] and [FastBasic] were written in the 2010s and they will likely not be the last.
Atari BASIC was ''very'' slow, much slower than BASIC running on other home computers that were (otherwise) slower than the Atari. This led to a profusion of new BASICs for the platform, perhaps unlike any other 8-bit machine of the era. The release of [TURBO-BASIC XL] in 1985 was something like a bomb going off, largely replacing Atari BASIC wholescale. There was really nothing similar in the Commodore or Apple II markets, where there were lots of basics but most remained obscure.
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Basic versions for the Atari Computers:
Development continues; [Altirra Basic], [Basic++] and [FastBasic] were all written in the 2010s, and they will likely not be the last.
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* [Atari Basic]
* [Microsoft Basic I|Microsoft Basic I]
* [Microsoft Basic II|Microsoft Basic II]
Basic versions for the Atari Computers in order of production year:
* [Atari BASIC]
* [Microsoft Basic I]
* [Microsoft Basic II]
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* [C.T.H. Closer To Home & Tom Hunt's FastBasic|CTH-FastBasic]
* [CTH-FastBasic]
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* [FastBasic]
\\
* Ken's Super BASIC - loadable extensions for Atari BASIC, no longer available.
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* [DMSC FastBasic|DMSC-FastBasic]
* [Ultimate Basic]
* [TURBAN] ; TURboBAsic Nifty. Smartest IDE for BASIC for the Atari.
\\
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* [The Battle of The Basic's by Tom Hunt 1992|The Battle of The Basic_s-Tom Hunt.txt]
* Some thoughts on the "[Ultimate Basic]"
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51 24-Sep-2019 00:27 2.872 kB Roland B. Wassenberg to previous
50 06-May-2019 07:29 2.832 kB Roland B. Wassenberg to previous | to last
49 10-Sep-2018 04:55 2.745 kB Roland B. Wassenberg to previous | to last
48 10-Sep-2018 04:55 2.749 kB Roland B. Wassenberg to previous | to last
47 10-Sep-2018 04:54 2.745 kB Roland B. Wassenberg to previous | to last
46 10-Sep-2018 04:53 2.743 kB Roland B. Wassenberg to previous | to last
45 15-May-2018 14:38 2.674 kB Maury Markowitz to previous | to last
44 15-May-2018 14:38 2.719 kB Maury Markowitz to previous | to last
43 14-May-2018 15:43 2.635 kB Maury Markowitz to previous | to last
42 14-May-2018 15:42 2.61 kB Maury Markowitz to previous | to last
41 14-May-2018 15:42 2.625 kB Maury Markowitz to previous | to last
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