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ATARI BASIC-Handbuch für Selb... 187.1 kB 1 19-Mar-2019 08:06 Roland B. Wassenberg ATARI BASIC-Handbuch für Selbststudium und Praxis-BOB ALBRECHT, Le Roy Finkel,
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ATARI BASIC-Handbuch für Selb... 176.6 kB 1 19-Mar-2019 07:40 Roland B. Wassenberg ATARI BASIC-Handbuch für Selbststudium und Praxis-BOB ALBRECHT, Le Roy Finkel,
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ATARI BASIC-Handbuch für Selbs... 44,779.2 kB 1 23-Apr-2014 02:52 Roland B. Wassenberg ATARI BASIC-Handbuch für Selbststudium und Praxis-BOB ALBRECHT, Le Roy Finkel, J
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ATARI Basic Leitfaden.pdf 5,181.8 kB 1 23-Apr-2014 03:54 Roland B. Wassenberg ATARI Basic Leitfaden
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ATARI_BASIC-Handbuch_fuer_Selb... 187.1 kB 1 19-Mar-2019 09:44 Roland B. Wassenberg ATARI_BASIC-Handbuch_fuer_Selbststudium_und_Praxis-BOB_ALBRECHT,_Le_Roy_Finkel,_
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An_Invitation_to_Programming_1... 896.7 kB 1 22-Sep-2013 00:07 Roland B. Wassenberg An_Invitation_to_Programming_1-Screen_Version.pdf
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An_Invitation_to_Programming_3... 251.1 kB 1 22-Sep-2013 00:09 Roland B. Wassenberg An_Invitation_to_Programming_3.jpg
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Atari BASIC Quick Reference Gu... 95.9 kB 1 19-Mar-2019 09:44 Roland B. Wassenberg Atari BASIC Quick Reference Guide-Gilbert Held.jpg
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Atari BASIC Quick Reference Gu... 10,374.7 kB 1 17-Mar-2014 04:11 Roland B. Wassenberg Atari BASIC Quick Reference Guide-Gilbert Held.pdf
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Atari Basic Rev. A.rom 8.2 kB 1 24-Feb-2014 21:46 Roland B. Wassenberg Atari Basic Rev. A.rom
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Atari Basic Rev. B.rom 8.2 kB 1 24-Feb-2014 21:46 Roland B. Wassenberg Atari Basic Rev. B.rom
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Atari_BASIC_Source_Book_2006.p... 255.5 kB 1 19-Mar-2019 08:18 Roland B. Wassenberg Atari_BASIC_Source_Book_2006.pdf
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Atari_Basic-Box.jpg 255.1 kB 2 19-Mar-2019 08:10 Roland B. Wassenberg Atari_Basic-Box.jpg
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Atari_Basic_Keywords.jpg 329.7 kB 1 19-Mar-2019 08:07 Roland B. Wassenberg Atari_Basic_Keywords.jpg
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Atari_Basic_Reference_Manual-P... 4,162.4 kB 1 17-Apr-2019 16:43 Roland B. Wassenberg Atari_Basic_Reference_Manual-Product_Update-C061038_Rev._A-©_1982_Atari,_Inc.pdf
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Atari_Basic_Rev._A.car 8.2 kB 1 14-Jun-2018 21:40 Roland B. Wassenberg Atari_Basic_Rev._A.car
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Atari_Basic_Rev._B.car 8.2 kB 1 14-Jun-2018 21:41 Roland B. Wassenberg Atari_Basic_Rev._B.car
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Atari_Basic_Rev._C.car 8.2 kB 1 14-Jun-2018 21:41 Roland B. Wassenberg Atari_Basic_Rev._C.car
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Basic Rev. C.car 8.2 kB 1 24-Feb-2014 21:44 Roland B. Wassenberg Basic Rev. C.car
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Cart_800er.jpg 13.7 kB 2 19-Mar-2019 08:11 Roland B. Wassenberg Cart_800er.jpg
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Cart_XE.jpg 15.3 kB 2 19-Mar-2019 08:11 Roland B. Wassenberg Cart_XE.jpg
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Monkey Wrench II (OS-B, right,... 16.4 kB 1 15-Jun-2018 01:00 Roland B. Wassenberg Monkey Wrench II (OS-B, right, v1) with BASIC Rev. C.rom
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Monkey Wrench II (OS-B, right,... 16.4 kB 1 15-Jun-2018 01:00 Roland B. Wassenberg Monkey Wrench II (OS-B, right, v2) with BASIC Rev. C.rom
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Monkey Wrench II [OS-B, Right]... 16.4 kB 1 15-Jun-2018 00:56 Roland B. Wassenberg Monkey Wrench II [OS-B, Right](v1) with BASIC Rev. C.rom
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Monkey Wrench II [OS-B, Right]... 16.4 kB 1 15-Jun-2018 00:57 Roland B. Wassenberg Monkey Wrench II [OS-B, Right](v2) with BASIC Rev. C
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Monkey_Wrench_II_-_Manual.pdf 2,480.0 kB 1 14-Jun-2018 21:24 Roland B. Wassenberg Monkey_Wrench_II_-_Manual.pdf
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Monkey_Wrench_II_OS-B_right_v1... 8.2 kB 1 14-Jun-2018 21:41 Roland B. Wassenberg Monkey_Wrench_II_OS-B_right_v1.car
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Monkey_Wrench_II_OS-B_right_v2... 8.2 kB 1 14-Jun-2018 21:41 Roland B. Wassenberg Monkey_Wrench_II_OS-B_right_v2.car
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Monkey_Wrench_II_OS-B_right_v2... 8.2 kB 1 14-Jun-2018 21:44 Roland B. Wassenberg Monkey_Wrench_II_OS-B_right_v2.rom
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Monkey_Wrench_II_XL_-_Notes.rt... 1.2 kB 1 14-Jun-2018 21:44 Roland B. Wassenberg Monkey_Wrench_II_XL_-_Notes.rtf
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Monkey_Wrench_II_XL_with_BASIC... 16.4 kB 1 14-Jun-2018 21:41 Roland B. Wassenberg Monkey_Wrench_II_XL_with_BASIC_(Rev._C).car
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Monkey_Wrench_II_XL_with_BASIC... 16.4 kB 1 14-Jun-2018 21:44 Roland B. Wassenberg Monkey_Wrench_II_XL_with_BASIC_(Rev._C).rom
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Monkey_Wrench_with_BASIC_(Rev.... 16.4 kB 1 14-Jun-2018 21:42 Roland B. Wassenberg Monkey_Wrench_with_BASIC_(Rev._C).car
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Monkey_Wrench_with_BASIC_(Rev.... 16.4 kB 1 14-Jun-2018 21:44 Roland B. Wassenberg Monkey_Wrench_with_BASIC_(Rev._C).rom
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REV.B TO REV.C CONVERTER.txt 3.2 kB 1 17-Mar-2014 04:14 Roland B. Wassenberg REV.B TO REV.C CONVERTER.txt
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RevB2C.atr 92.2 kB 1 17-Mar-2014 04:14 Roland B. Wassenberg RevB2C.atr
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The Monkey Wrench II.car 8.2 kB 1 24-Feb-2014 21:53 Roland B. Wassenberg The Monkey Wrench II.car
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The Monkey Wrench.car 8.2 kB 1 24-Feb-2014 21:53 Roland B. Wassenberg The Monkey Wrench.car
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The_Atari_BASIC_Source_Book-Bi... 136.3 kB 2 19-Mar-2019 09:00 Roland B. Wassenberg The_Atari_BASIC_Source_Book-Bill_Wilkinson-Kathleen_O_Brien-Paul_Laughton.jpg
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oss-quick-reference-card-basic... 3,423.3 kB 1 07-May-2019 21:48 Roland B. Wassenberg oss-quick-reference-card-basic-a-plus.pdf

This page (revision-107) was last changed on 13-Feb-2022 18:27 by Maury Markowitz  

This page was created on 08-Mar-2010 21:15 by Carsten Strotmann

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[{TableOfContents }]
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Atari BASIC is the "standard" BASIC dialect for the 8-bit series. It was originally sold separately as a (relatively expensive) 8k ROM cartridge. Starting with the 1200XL, the ROMs were included inside the machine. There are three versions, the original version, retroactively known as Revision A, and the updated Revision B and C which fixed various bugs.
Atari BASIC is the "standard" BASIC dialect for the 8-bit series. It was originally sold separately as a (relatively expensive) 8k ROM cartridge. Starting with the 600XL/800XL, the ROMs were included inside the machine. There are three versions, the original version, retroactively known as Revision A, and the updated Revision B and C which fixed various bugs.
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Atari originally licensed the 6502-assembler code for Microsoft BASIC. This came in two versions, one that was about 7900 bytes that used a 6-byte floating point number format, and another that was closer to 9000 that included an expanded floating point format with 9-byte numbers. The vast majority of 8-bit machines used the larger 9k version, and then further expanded it with additional functions for basic input/output. For instance, the BASIC and I/O in the early PET machines was supplied in a total of 12k of ROM.
Atari originally licensed the 6502-assembler code for Microsoft BASIC. This came in two versions, one that was about 7900 bytes that used a 32-bit (6-digit) floating-point number format, and another that was closer to 9000 that included an expanded floating-point format with a 40-bit (9-digit) numbers. The vast majority of 8-bit machines used the larger 9k/40-bit version, and then further expanded it with additional functions for basic input/output. For instance, the BASIC, character set and I/O in the early PET machines was supplied in a total of 16k of ROM.
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Atari had selected an 8k cartridge format because that was an easy size to supply in a single ROM. So the Atari programmers started with the smaller 8k version of the MS code and struggled to cut it down enough to fit in a cart. That was hard enough of its own, but they really wanted to add additional instructions to take advantage of the Atari's graphics and sound. Eventually, some time in the summer of 1978, they gave up and went looking for a 3rd party to do it for them.
The Atari machines were originally designed as games consoles that would replace the Atari VCS, and like those machines, software would be supplied on ROM cartridges. ROM was still relatively expensive at the time, so they expanded it from the 4k of the VCS to the luxurious size of 8k. When the project moved to a computer, a BASIC interpreter was required and Atari naturally licensed MS's code. Atari programmers started with the smaller 7900 bytes version and struggled to cut fit it in the pre-selected 8k cartridge format. That was hard enough of its own, but they really wanted to add additional instructions to take advantage of the Atari's graphics and sound. Eventually, sometime in the summer of 1978, they gave up and went looking for a 3rd party to do it for them.
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Shepardson Microsystems Inc, or SMI for short, won the contract. They proposed a simplified syntax and the cutting of a number of rarely-used features, leaving more room for new commands for graphics and sound. Even then, the result required about 10k, so to cross the remaining gap to 8k, some of the core libraries were moved out of the language and into the operating system ROMs. This had the side-effect of allowing any other language on the Atari to use these routines as well.
Atari approached Shepardson Microsystems Inc, or SMI for short, who had written a number of 6502-based products and a series of BASICs for other machines. They proposed a simplified syntax and the cutting of a number of rarely-used features, leaving more room for new commands for graphics and sound. Even then, the result required about 10k, so to cross the remaining gap to 8k, some of the core libraries were moved out of the language and into the operating system ROMs. This had the side-effect of allowing any other language on the Atari to use these routines as well.
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By the time SMI was hired, Atari was in something of a rush to get a working BASIC. They were planning to show the machines in January 1979, using the working MS version, but then sell the machines later that year with the SMI version instead. The original contract required SMI to make its final delivery in April 1979, but it contained bonus clauses if they finished early. They did: a working version was delivered in October 1978, so Atari to that to CES instead. To SMI's surprise, they learned that Atari had begun burning that version to ROM for sale, even though it had several known bugs. SMI offered an updated version with various fixes, but Atari didn't bother using it, and instead shipped the buggy version for years.
By the time SMI was hired, Atari was in something of a rush to get a working BASIC. They were planning to show the machines in January 1979, using the working MS version, but then sell the machines later that year with the SMI version instead. The original contract required SMI to make its final delivery in April 1979, but it contained bonus clauses if they finished early. They did: a working version was delivered in October 1978, so Atari to that to CES instead. To SMI's surprise, they learned that Atari had begun burning that version to ROM for sale, even though it had several known bugs. SMI offered an updated version with various fixes, but Atari didn't bother using it, and instead shipped the buggy version for several years.
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Two major pieces of code were moved out of the BASIC into the OS ROM. The first was a set of graphics routines to set up the screen, draw lines, and similar. The second was the floating point math system, based on a new implementation of the 6-byte binary-coded-decimal (BCD) format. Both libraries were notoriously slow. Generally, Atari BASIC was among the slowest BASICs of its era, both due to the OS code and two problems involving loops.
In order to fit the code into a 8k ROM, two major pieces of code were moved out of the BASIC into the OS ROM. The first was a set of graphics routines to set up the screen, draw lines, and similar tasks. The second was the floating-point math system, based on a new implementation of the 6-byte binary-coded-decimal (BCD) format SMI had designed for the Z80-based Cromemco machines. Both libraries were notoriously slow. Generally, Atari BASIC was among the slowest BASICs of its era, both due to the OS code and two problems involving loops.
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The performance issues led to a profusion of 3rd party BASICs, some of which continue to be developed to this day. By replacing the math libraries and fixing these two loop issues, speed improves on the order of 3 to 5 times in most programs, and this is a common feature of 3rd party BASICs like [TURBO-BASIC XL] and [Altirra Basic]. For even higher performance, [FastBasic] uses a p-code system that can be quickly interpreted.
The performance issues led to a profusion of 3rd party BASICs, some of which continue to be developed to this day. By replacing the math libraries and fixing these two loop issues, speed improves on the order of 3 to 5 times in most programs, and this is a common feature of 3rd party BASICs like [Turbo-BASIC XL] and [Altirra Basic]. For even higher performance, [FastBasic] uses a p-code system that can be quickly interpreted.
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[{Image src='Atari_Basic-Box.jpg' width=359 height=483 }]
Atari BASIC - Computing Language box
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Atari BASIC has some key differences with the more common MS-derived BASICs found on most contemporary machines. This included the 6-byte vs. 9-byte math, but also included numerous syntax changes as well. Generally, one can describe Atari BASIC's design philosophy as "modeless" and "orthogonal".
Atari BASIC has some key differences with the more common MS-derived BASICs found on most contemporary machines. Generally, one can describe Atari BASIC's design philosophy as "modeless" and "orthogonal".
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Most BASICs of the era had the concept of "immediate mode" and "program mode", and some commands could only be used in one more or the other. A good example in MS BASIC is the {{LIST}} command, which could only be used in immediate mode, at the "command line". Atari BASIC removed this limitation, one could write a program containing {{10 LIST}}.
Most BASICs of the era had the concept of "immediate mode" and "program mode", and some commands could only be used in one mode or the other. A good example in MS BASIC is the {{LIST}} command, which could only be used in immediate mode, at the "command line". Atari BASIC removed this limitation, one could write a program consisting of {{10 LIST}}.
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The most noticable difference between Atari BASIC and MS-derived versions is the string handling. Atari BASIC used a greatly simplified system of character-arrays instead of the dynamic strings in MS. This meant that all strings had to be predefined using {{DIM}}, and their length could not be changed during run-time. There are a number of advantages to this approach, notably speed, but memory handling is more difficult and conversion of standard programs from MS listings is more difficult.
The most noticeable difference between Atari BASIC and MS-derived versions is the string handling. Atari BASIC used a greatly simplified system of character-arrays instead of the dynamic strings in MS. This meant that all strings had to be predefined using {{DIM}}, and their length could not be changed during run-time. There are a number of advantages to this approach, notably speed and lower memory usage, but this means conversion of standard programs from MS listings may be difficult.
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* {{PRINT USING}}, which formatted output
* {{PRINT USING}}, which formatted output (rarely supported on small machines)
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* {{INKEY$}}, which read the keyboard without pausing (unlike {{INPUT}})
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Most 3rd party BASICs add many of these features, and more.
Most 3rd party BASICs for the Atari added many of these features, and more.
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To allow BASIC programmers access to the advanced features of the system, Atari BASIC added commands for defining the GRAPHICS, changing COLORs, MOVEing and drawing a LINETO, playing SOUND, and others.
To allow BASIC programmers access to the advanced features of the system, Atari BASIC added commands for defining the GRAPHICS, changing COLORs, MOVEing and drawing a DRAWTO, playing SOUND, and others.
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!! Manuals
!!Source Code
[{Image src='The_Atari_BASIC_Source_Book-Bill_Wilkinson-Kathleen_O_Brien-Paul_Laughton.jpg' width=305 height=467 }]
[The Atari BASIC Source Book - Bill Wilkinson, Kathleen O'Brien and Paul Laughton|https://data.atariwiki.org/DOC/The_Atari_BASIC_Source_Book-Bill_Wilkinson-Kathleen_O'Brien-Paul_Laughton.pdf] ; size: 76.8 MB ; 316 pages
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* [The Atari BASIC source book|The Atari Basic Source Book], contains the complete source code for Atari BASIC, fully described. Useful for anyone interested in interpreter design.
* [Atari Basic Rev C Reference Manual]
* [ATARI Basic Leitfaden.pdf]
* [Atari BASIC Quick Reference Guide-Gilbert Held.pdf]
* [ATARI BASIC-Handbuch für Selbststudium und Praxis-BOB ALBRECHT, Le Roy Finkel, JERALD BROWN-Screen.pdf] 214 Doppelseiten, OCR, 44,8 MB
* [Monkey_Wrench_-_Manual.pdf|http://data.atariwiki.org/DOC/Monkey_Wrench_-_Manual.pdf] ; size: 67.5 MB ; thanks to [serious computerist|http://seriouscomputerist.altervista.org/pages/utility/utility.atari.htm], we really appreciate! :-)
* [Monkey_Wrench_II_-_Manual.pdf] ; size: 2.5 MB ; thanks to [serious computerist|http://seriouscomputerist.altervista.org/pages/utility/utility.atari.htm], we really appreciate! :-)
* [The major differences between the Monkey Wrench II and Monkey Wrench II-XL cartridges|Monkey_Wrench_II_XL_-_Notes.rtf] ; thanks to [serious computerist|http://seriouscomputerist.altervista.org/pages/utility/utility.atari.htm], we really appreciate! :-)
!! CAR-Images
* [Atari_Basic_Rev._A.car] ; ? PEEK(43234) should return: 162
* [Atari_Basic_Rev._B.car] ; ? PEEK(43234) should return: 96
* [Atari_Basic_Rev._C.car] ; ? PEEK(43234) should return: 234
* [The Monkey Wrench.car] Tool for better editing Basic programs, version I
* [The Monkey Wrench II.car] Tool for better editing Basic programs, version II v2
* [Monkey_Wrench_with_BASIC_(Rev._C).car] ; both cartridges in just one 16 KiB file
* [Monkey_Wrench_II_OS-B_right_v1.car] ; thanks to [serious computerist|http://seriouscomputerist.altervista.org/pages/utility/utility.atari.htm], we really appreciate! :-)
* [Monkey_Wrench_II_OS-B_right_v2.car] ; thanks to [serious computerist|http://seriouscomputerist.altervista.org/pages/utility/utility.atari.htm], we really appreciate! :-)
* [Monkey_Wrench_II_XL_with_BASIC_(Rev._C).car] ; both cartridges in just one 16 KiB file
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[{Image src='Cart_800er.jpg' width=200 height=247 }]
Atari Basic Cartridge - brown - Revison A\\
\\
[{Image src='Cart_XE.jpg' width=200 height=247 }]
Atari Basic Cartridge - silver - Revison C ; Revision B was soldered in the machines only and therefore not available as a stand-alone cartridge
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* [Monkey Wrench II (OS-B, right, v1) with BASIC Rev. C.rom] ; both roms in just one 16 KiB file ; thanks to JAC! from AtariAge
* [Monkey Wrench II (OS-B, right, v2) with BASIC Rev. C.rom] ; both roms in just one 16 KiB file ; thanks to JAC! from AtariAge
* [Monkey Wrench II (OS-B, right, v1) with BASIC Rev. C.rom] ; both roms in just one 16 KiB file
* [Monkey Wrench II (OS-B, right, v2) with BASIC Rev. C.rom] ; both roms in just one 16 KiB file
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and the resulting rom file can be found in the same directory. Done. :-) ; thanks to JAC! from AtariAge\\
and the resulting rom file can be found in the same directory.
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__Mac:__
Start application Terminal and then type cd and a blank. Drag the folder, in which the 2 files are, directly behind the blank. Check with typing ls -a, whether the 2 files can be seen. Then type:\\
__Unix/Mac:__
Start application shell/Terminal and then type cd and a blank. Drag the folder, in which the 2 files are, directly behind the blank. Check with typing ls -a, whether the 2 files can be seen. Then type:\\
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and the resulting rom file can be found in the same directory. Done. :-)\\
and the resulting rom file can be found in the same directory.\\
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!! Atari Basic Course: An Invitation to Programming 1-3
!! CAR-Images
* [Atari_Basic_Rev._A.car] ; ? PEEK(43234) should return: 162
* [Atari_Basic_Rev._B.car] ; ? PEEK(43234) should return: 96
* [Atari_Basic_Rev._C.car] ; ? PEEK(43234) should return: 234
* [The Monkey Wrench.car] Tool for better editing Basic programs, version I
* [The Monkey Wrench II.car] Tool for better editing Basic programs, version II v2
* [Monkey_Wrench_with_BASIC_(Rev._C).car] ; both cartridges in just one 16 KiB file
* [Monkey_Wrench_II_OS-B_right_v1.car] ; thanks to [serious computerist|http://seriouscomputerist.altervista.org/pages/utility/utility.atari.htm], we really appreciate! :-)
* [Monkey_Wrench_II_OS-B_right_v2.car] ; thanks to [serious computerist|http://seriouscomputerist.altervista.org/pages/utility/utility.atari.htm], we really appreciate! :-)
* [Monkey_Wrench_II_XL_with_BASIC_(Rev._C).car] ; both cartridges in just one 16 KiB file. This is a patched BASIC, when initialized jumps to $8002 (right cartridge). Only this way it is runnig on a XL machine.
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* [An Invitation to Programming 1 CX4101]
* [An Invitation to Programming 2 CX4106]
* [An Invitation to Programming 3 CX4117]
!! Manuals
* [Atari Basic Reference Manual Rev. A (1980)|https://data.atariwiki.org/DOC/ATARI_BASIC_Reference_Manual.pdf] ; size: 77.7 MB ; 122 pages
* [Atari Basic Reference Manual-Product Update-C061038 Rev. A, Errata for the above manual (1982)|Atari_Basic_Reference_Manual-Product_Update-C061038_Rev._A-©_1982_Atari,_Inc.pdf] ; size: 4.2 MB ; 6 pages
* [Atari Basic Reference Manual Rev. C (1983)|https://data.atariwiki.org/DOC/Atari_Basic_Reference_Manual_Rev._C.pdf] ; size: 47.9 MB ; 134 pages
* [Atari BASIC - Bob_Albrecht, LeRoy Finkel and Jerald R. Brown (1979)|https://data.atariwiki.org/DOC/Atari_Basic_1979.pdf] ; size: 80.9 MB ; OCR ; 348 pages
* [Atari_Basic-Richard_Haskell (1983)|https://data.atariwiki.org/DOC/Atari_Basic_1983.pdf] ; size: 74.7 MB ; OCR ; 196 pages
* [Atari BASIC-XL Edition - Bob_Albrecht, LeRoy Finkel and Jerald R. Brown (1985)|https://data.atariwiki.org/DOC/Atari_BASIC_XL_Edition-Bob_Albrecht,_LeRoy_Finkel_and_Jerald_R._Brown_1985.pdf] ; size: 86.5 MB ; OCR ; 404 pages
* [ATARI BASIC-Handbuch für Selbststudium und Praxis-BOB ALBRECHT, Le Roy Finkel, JERALD BROWN|https://data.atariwiki.org/DOC/ATARI_BASIC-Handbuch_fuer_Selbststudium_und_Praxis-BOB_ALBRECHT,_Le_Roy_Finkel,_JERALD_BROWN.pdf] ; Größe: 44,8 MB ; OCR ; 214 Doppelseiten
* [ATARI Basic Leitfaden|ATARI Basic Leitfaden.pdf] ; Größe: 5,2 MB ; 11 Seiten
* [Atari BASIC - Quick Reference Guide - Gilbert Held|Atari BASIC Quick Reference Guide-Gilbert Held.pdf] ; size: 10.4 MB ; 8 pages
* [OSS Quick reference card for Atari Basic|oss-quick-reference-card-basic-a-plus.pdf] ; size: 3.4 MB ; 8 pages ; thank you so much Bill Lange for finding this very rare cards. :-)
* [Atari Basic Referenz-Karten|Atari_Basic_Referenz-Karten.pdf] ; Größe: 3,1 MB ; OCR ; 271 Seiten
* [Atari BASIC Source Book (2006)|Atari_BASIC_Source_Book_2006.pdf] ; size: 10.4 MB ; OCR ; 80 pages ; converted 2006 by Andreas Bertelmann for ABBUC ; thank you Andreas
* [Monkey_Wrench_-_Manual.pdf|http://data.atariwiki.org/DOC/Monkey_Wrench_-_Manual.pdf] ; size: 67.5 MB ; thanks to [serious computerist|http://seriouscomputerist.altervista.org/pages/utility/utility.atari.htm], we really appreciate! :-)
* [Monkey_Wrench_II_-_Manual.pdf] ; size: 2.5 MB ; thanks to [serious computerist|http://seriouscomputerist.altervista.org/pages/utility/utility.atari.htm], we really appreciate! :-)
* [The major differences between the Monkey Wrench II and Monkey Wrench II-XL cartridges|Monkey_Wrench_II_XL_-_Notes.rtf] ; thanks to [serious computerist|http://seriouscomputerist.altervista.org/pages/utility/utility.atari.htm], we really appreciate! :-)
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!! Kurs 1: Programmieren leicht gemacht-Lernen Sie BASIC mit Dagmar Berghoff-TXG4110
!!Atari Basic Keywords
An incredible good site for all [Atari BASIC keywords|http://www.abbuc.de/software/133-software/softwarereferenz/309-atari-basic-referenz] ; thank you ABBUC, greatly appreciated! :-)
[{Image src='Atari_Basic_Keywords.jpg' width=718 height=323 }]
Atari Basic Keywords
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* [Programmieren leicht gemacht TXG4110]
!!Abbreviations
|| Command || Abbreviation
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!! Kurs 2: Noch mehr BASIC-Lernen Sie BASIC mit Dagmar Berghoff-RXG 55007
|| BYE || B. \\
|| CLOAD || CLOA. \\
|| CLOSE || CL. \\
|| COLOR || C. \\
|| CONT || CON. \\
|| CSAVE || CS. \\
|| DATA || D. \\
|| DEG || DE. \\
|| DIM || DI. \\
|| DOS || DO. \\
|| DRAWTO || DR. \\
|| ENTER || E. \\
|| FOR || F. \\
|| GET || GE. \\
|| GOTO || G. \\
|| GOSUB || GOS. \\
|| GRAPHICS || GR. \\
|| INPUT || I. \\
|| LET || LE. \\
|| LIST || L. \\
|| LOAD || LO. \\
|| LOCATE || LOC. \\
|| LPRINT || LP. \\
|| NEXT || N. \\
|| NOTE || NO. \\
|| OPEN || O. \\
|| PLOT || PL. \\
|| POINT || P. \\
|| POKE || POK. \\
|| POSITION || POS. \\
|| PRINT || PR. \\
|| PUT || PU. \\
|| RAD || RA. \\
|| READ || REA. \\
|| REM || . \\
|| RESTORE || RES. \\
|| RETURN || RET. \\
|| RUN || RU. \\
|| SAVE || S. \\
|| SETCOLOR || SE. \\
|| SOUND || SO. \\
|| STATUS || ST. \\
|| STOP || STO. \\
|| TRAP || T. \\
|| XIO || X. \\
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* [Noch mehr BASIC RXG 55007]
!!Atari Basic Error Codes
2 - INSUFFICIENT MEMORY\\
3 - BAD VALUE\\
4 - TOO MANY VARIABLES\\
5 - STRING LENGHT ERROR\\
6 - OUT OF DATA\\
7 - BAD LINE NUMBER\\
8 - INPUT ERROR\\
9 - DIMENSION ERROR\\
10 - STACK OVERFLOW\\
11 - OVERFLOW/UNDERFLOW\\
12 - LINE NOT FOUND\\
13 - NO MATCHING FOR\\
14 - LINE TOO LONG\\
15 - GOSUB/FOR DELETED\\
16 - RETURN ERROR\\
17 - SYNTAX ERROR\\
18 - INVALID CHARACTER\\
19 - PROGRAM TOO LONG\\
20 - BAD DEVICE NUMBER\\
21 - LOAD FILE ERROR
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!! Kurs 3: BASIC für Fortgeschrittene-Lernen Sie BASIC mit Dagmar Berghoff
!! Atari Basic Course: An Invitation to Programming 1-3
* [Course 1: An Invitation to Programming 1 - Fundamentals of Basic Programming CX4101|An Invitation to Programming 1 CX4101]
* [Course 2: An Invitation to Programming 2 - Writing Programs one and two CX4106|An Invitation to Programming 2 CX4106]
* [Course 3: An Invitation to Programming 3 - Introduction to Sound and Graphics CX4117|An Invitation to Programming 3 CX4117]
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* [BASIC für Fortgeschrittene]
!! Atari Basic Kurs (deutsch): Teil 1 und 2 sind vorhanden, Teil 3 wurde leider nie fertig
* [Kurs 1: Programmieren leicht gemacht-Lernen Sie BASIC mit Dagmar Berghoff-TXG4110|Programmieren leicht gemacht TXG4110]
* [Kurs 2: Noch mehr BASIC-Lernen Sie BASIC mit Dagmar Berghoff-TXG 55007|Noch mehr BASIC TXG 55007]
* [Kurs 3: BASIC für Fortgeschrittene-Lernen Sie BASIC mit Dagmar Berghoff|BASIC für Fortgeschrittene]
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* [Atari BASIC Article in Wikipedia|http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ATARI_BASIC]
* [Atari Basic vs. Commodore C64 Basic vs. Apple II Basic]
* [Atari BASIC: the good, the bad and the ugly|http://archive.li/njp7N]
* [Extended Atari Basic]
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!! References
* [Atari BASIC Article in Wikipedia|http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ATARI_BASIC]
* [Atari Basic vs. Commodore C64 Basic vs. Apple II Basic]
* [Atari BASIC: the good, the bad and the ugly|https://web.archive.org/web/20070524044410/http://www3.sympatico.ca/maury/other_stuff/atari_basic.html]
!!Pictures
[{Image src='Atari_Basic_Reference_Manual_800_.jpg' width=533 height=723 }]
[Atari Basic Reference Manual Rev. A|https://data.atariwiki.org/DOC/ATARI_BASIC_Reference_Manual.pdf] ; size: 77.7 MB ; 122 pages\\
\\
[{Image src='Atari_Basic_Reference_Manual_XE.jpg' width=437 height=643 }]
[Atari Basic Reference Manual Rev. C|https://data.atariwiki.org/DOC/Atari_Basic_Reference_Manual_Rev._C.pdf] ; size: 47.9 MB ; 134 pages\\
\\
[{Image src='Atari_Basic_1979.jpg' width=364 height=467 }]
[Atari BASIC - Bob_Albrecht, LeRoy Finkel and Jerald R. Brown (1979)|https://data.atariwiki.org/DOC/Atari_Basic_1979.pdf] ; size: 80.9 MB ; OCR ; 348 pages\\
\\
[{Image src='Atari_Basic-Richard_Haskell.jpg' width=354 height=468 }]
[Atari_Basic-Richard_Haskell.jpg (1983)|https://data.atariwiki.org/DOC/Atari_Basic_1983.pdf] ; size: 74.7 MB ; OCR ; 196 pages\\
\\
[{Image src='Atari_Basic-XL-Edition.jpg' width=308 height=467 }]
[Atari BASIC-XL Edition - Bob_Albrecht, LeRoy Finkel and Jerald R. Brown (1985)|https://data.atariwiki.org/DOC/Atari_BASIC_XL_Edition-Bob_Albrecht,_LeRoy_Finkel_and_Jerald_R._Brown_1985.pdf] ; size: 86.5 MB ; OCR ; 404 pages\\
\\
[{Image src='ATARI_BASIC-Handbuch_fuer_Selbststudium_und_Praxis-BOB_ALBRECHT,_Le_Roy_Finkel,_JERALD_BROWN-2.jpg' width=336 height=466 }]
[ATARI BASIC-Handbuch für Selbststudium und Praxis-BOB ALBRECHT, Le Roy Finkel, JERALD BROWN|https://data.atariwiki.org/DOC/ATARI_BASIC-Handbuch_fuer_Selbststudium_und_Praxis-BOB_ALBRECHT,_Le_Roy_Finkel,_JERALD_BROWN.pdf] ; Größe: 44,8 MB ; OCR ; 214 Doppelseiten\\
\\
[{Image src='Atari_Basic_Reference_Guide_XL.jpg' width=331 height=233 }]
[ATARI Basic Leitfaden|ATARI Basic Leitfaden.pdf] ; Größe: 5,2 MB ; 11 Seiten\\
\\
[{Image src='Atari BASIC Quick Reference Guide-Gilbert Held.jpg' width=254 height=445 }]
[Atari BASIC - Quick Reference Guide - Gilbert Held|Atari BASIC Quick Reference Guide-Gilbert Held.pdf] ; size: 10.4 MB ; 8 pages\\
\\
[{Image src='Atari_Basic_Referenz-Karten3.jpg' width=336 height=231 }]
[Atari Basic Referenz-Karten|Atari_Basic_Referenz-Karten.pdf] ; Größe: 3,1 MB ; OCR ; 271 Seiten
Version Date Modified Size Author Changes ... Change note
107 13-Feb-2022 18:27 18.093 kB Maury Markowitz to previous
106 13-Dec-2021 17:05 17.904 kB Maury Markowitz to previous | to last
105 16-Sep-2021 15:46 17.934 kB Maury Markowitz to previous | to last
104 16-Sep-2021 15:30 17.934 kB Maury Markowitz to previous | to last general cleanup
103 29-Jul-2020 23:57 17.769 kB Peter Dell to previous | to last TURBO-BASIC XL ==> Turbo-BASIC XL
102 23-May-2020 07:03 17.754 kB Roland B. Wassenberg to previous | to last
101 01-May-2020 04:03 17.632 kB Roland B. Wassenberg to previous | to last
« This page (revision-107) was last changed on 13-Feb-2022 18:27 by Maury Markowitz